The Government has released its housing delivery test results, showing that a third of local authorities across the country are failing to address the housing crisis.
The results show that 108 local authorities delivered less than 95% of the homes their local community needs, with 21 being required to publish action plans explaining why they missed their targets and what action they will take.
The remaining 87, who delivered between 35% and 85% of their housing need, will be required to add 20% more homes to their five-year land supply.
No area delivered less than 25% of their housing need, which means that no council will face the penalty of ‘presumption in favour of sustainable development’. However, the presumption penalty threshold will increase to 45% in November 2019 and to 65% in November 2020.
If the Government had not extended the deadline to meet the 65% threshold until 2020, 32 local authorities would have been subject to the penalty.
In Yorkshire and the Humber, a quarter of local authorities failed to deliver enough homes, with four being subject to a 20% buffer, requiring them to add 20% more homes to their five-year land supply.
Bradford, Kirklees and North Lincolnshire came close to falling below the future 65% threshold, delivering 76%, 75%, 73% respectively. Calderdale is in real danger of falling below the threshold in November 2019 as it delivered only 36% of housing demand.
The National Federation of Builders (NFB) understands the challenges local authorities face in meeting housing demand but remains concerned that so many councils are missing their targets leaving us a shortfall of more than 220,000 new homes.
As local developers, NFB members would have liked to see local authorities in control of their own housing destiny. However, given their frequent failures to meet housing demand and accurately assess housing need, we welcome the blunt instrument that the Government is wielding.
Richard Beresford, Chief Executive of the NFB, said:
“Since the carrot of meeting housing need themselves is not enticing enough for local planners, the Government’s stick of penalties and buffers is clearly required. We have a housing crisis and the Government is taking appropriate steps to fix it.”
Rico Wojtulewicz, Head of Housing and Planning Policy at the House Builders Association (HBA), said:
“We’re not building enough homes in Yorkshire and the Humber and some areas are in danger of facing Government control by the end of 2019. A warning has been given and we must act now to make sure all development opportunities, from the smallest to the largest, are being enabled.”